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Note: Entries are listed alphabetically by the specialist's first name (ex. Dr. A. Xyz, Here the first name is Xyz)
Gastroenterology deals with the diseases of the intestines, bile duct, liver and pancreas. It is divided into two studies, medical and surgical. Surgical Gastroenterology is a new specialty and having gained precedence over the past two decades, broadly encompasses the surgery of both the upper gastrointestinal tract and lower GI tract starting from the esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, rectum, liver and the pancreas. This specialty became a necessity with rapid progress in diagnostic and interventional Gastroenterology requiring surgeons specially trained in operating the gastro-intestinal tract. Surgical technology has been refined and treatment of benign and cancerous diseases of the digestive tract has evolved alongside it as a super specialty. Rapid advances in the field of surgery namely “Minimal access surgery” or “Key hole surgery” and organ transplantation are very closely associated with abdominal surgery further widening the horizons of surgical Gastroenterology. Advanced surgery on each the organ of the GI tract requires specialized training and skill taught in very few surgical units in the country and abroad.
Specialized training in the field of surgical gastroenterology enhanced understanding of the diseases affecting the GI tract and improved their treatment. Complex operations like total esophagectomy, total gastrectomy, WHIPPLE’S Procedure, liver resections, bowel resections, surgery for portal hypertension are performed by surgical gastroenterologists with ease displaying excellent results. Given below are only some common and routine procedures performed by surgical gastroenterologists:
Gallbladder and bile ducts
Upper GI tract
Small intestine Surgery for tumors, gangrenes and perforations
Colon and rectum
A surgical gastroenterologist undergoes trainings first as a general surgeon and thereafter obtains specialized training in the field of surgical Gastroenterology. Most surgical interventions in surgical gastroenterology are performed with advanced laparoscopic surgery. Surgical Gastroenterologists are also adept at diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy and most practicing interventional gastroenterologists in India are trained as surgeons.
A bile duct is any of a number of long tube-like structures that carry bile. Bile, required for the digestion of food, is secreted by the liver into passages that carry bile toward the hepatic duct, which joins with the cystic duct (carrying bile to and from the gallbladder) to form the common bile duct, which opens into the intestine.
Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery (HPB)
The UPMC Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery (HPB) Division consists of four hepatobiliary surgical oncologists that specialize in treating: Liver cancer. Pancreatic cancer. Benign liver diseases.
A small, hard crystalline mass formed abnormally in the gall bladder or bile ducts from bile pigments, cholesterol, and calcium salts. Gallstones can cause severe pain and blockage of the bile duct.
Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), bandaid surgery, or keyhole surgery, is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) elsewhere in the body.